Ocular Inflammation

What is ocular inflammation?

Eye inflammation most commonly occurs in response to infection, allergy, surgery or trauma (i.e., blow to the eye, foreign body, chemical injury). It is important to control the duration and severity of inflammation and avoid scarring, as even a small amount of scarring of eye tissue can lead to irreversible vision impairment.

An eye inflammatory response is a generalized reaction to stimuli that typically fall into two classes: foreign substances such as bacteria or allergens or injuries to the eye tissue caused by trauma or surgery.

What are the symptoms of ocular inflammation?

The signs and symptoms of inflammation are swelling, pain, heat and redness, caused by increased blood flow to the injured area.

Who does ocular inflammation affect?

Although inflammatory reactions commonly occur as part of the body's response to bacterial or viral infection, inflammation can also occur in the absence of infection. Allergens such as pollen, house dust or insect stings may provoke inflammation. Eye surgery is another, and perhaps the most common, cause of eye inflammation. Doctors naturally expect their patients to suffer eye inflammation as a direct result of eye surgery and, as such, treat their patients in advance for this outcome.